Friday, December 20, 2013

Episode 194 (12-30-13): Diving into 2014 with "Driving Rain" by Chamomile and Whiskey

This episode has been replaced by Episode 401, 1-1-18.

Episode 193 (12-23-13): A Year of Virginia Water Sounds - 2013 Edition

Click to listen to episode (3:05)

TRANSCRIPT


From the Cumberland Gap to the Atlantic Ocean, this is Virginia Water Radio for the week of December 23, 2013.
This week, we look back on 2013 with a medley of mystery sounds.  Have a listen for about 70 seconds, and see if you can identify these sounds from the past year of Virginia Water Radio.


SOUND


If you guessed all these, you’re a genius!  The sounds were pebbles on pond ice; the Virginia Senate committee on Agriculture, Conservation and Natural Resources; a weather-balloon launch; a Chesapeake Bay Dial-a-Buoy recording; children observing Kids to Parks Day; a Virginia Rail; an electrofishing demonstration; a Yellow-billed Cuckoo, also called a “rain crow”; a thunderstorm along the New River Trail; a member of the Virginia Tech team researching the large salamanders known as Hellbenders; a skit on photosynthesis; and finally a tea kettle, representing the water-cycle process of evaporation.  I hope that your upcoming year is full of water-related sounds and many good things.  Thanks to the Lang Elliott for permission to use the Virginia Rail sound, and to several friends and colleagues for lending their voices to various episodes.


For other water sounds and music, and for more Virginia water information, visit our Web site at virginiawaterradio.org, or call us at (540) 231-5463.  From the Virginia Water Resources Research Center in Blacksburg, I’m Alan Raflo, thanking you for listening, and wishing you health, wisdom, and good water.

SHOW NOTES
 

[All Internet addresses mentioned were functional as of 12/20/13]


Confluence of  Chestnut Creek with the New River in Carroll County, Va., December 7, 2013.


Acknowledgments: The sounds of the Virginia Rail was taken from the Stokes Field Guide to Bird Songs-Eastern Region CD set, by Lang Elliott with Donald and Lillian Stokes (Time Warner Audio Books, copyright 1997), used with permission of Lang Elliott, whose work is available online at http://www.langelliott.com/ and the “Music of Nature” Web site, http://www.musicofnature.org/.

For more information on the sounds heard in this medley (including acknowledgments to people involved), please listen to the audio or see the show notes for the following episodes (all are hyperlinked to the respective episode):

Pond ice – Episode 144, 1-14-13;
Virginia Senate committee –
Episode 147, 2-4-13;
Weather balloon  –
Episode 152, 3-11-13;
Chesapeake Bay Dial-a-Buoy –
Episode 159, 4-22-13;
Virginia State Parks and Kids to Parks Day –
Episode 161, 5-13-13;
Virginia Rail –
Episode 165, 6-10-13;
Electrofishing and other fish sampling –
Episode 172, 7-29-13;
Rain crow –
Episode 174, 8-12-13;
Rain and other sounds on the New River Trail –
Episode 179, 9-16-13;
Hellbenders –
Episode 185, 10-28-13;|
Photosynthesis –
Episode 186, 11-4-13;
Water Cycle –
Episode 191, 12-9-13.

For the 2012 Virginia Water Radio “Year of Sounds” episode, please see Episode 141, week of 12-17-12.


Recent Virginia Water News and Other Information
            For news, events, and resources relevant to Virginia's water resources, grouped into categories, please visit the Virginia Water Central News Grouper, available online at http://vawatercentralnewsgrouper.wordpress.com/.

Monday, December 16, 2013

Episode 192 (12-16-13): Rain, Romance, and the Rockfish River in "Blue Ridge Girl" by Chamomile and Whiskey

Click to listen to episode (3:08)

TRANSCRIPT

From the Cumberland Gap to the Atlantic Ocean, this is Virginia Water Radio for the week of December 16, 2013.

This week, we feature a Virginia band’s song about land, water, music, dance, and romance along one of the Old Dominion’s most famous geographic features.  Have a listen for about 50 seconds.

MUSIC

You’ve been listening to part of “Blue Ridge Girl,” by the band Chamomile and Whiskey, on the 2013 album “Wandering Boots,” from County Wide Records.  The band formed in Nelson County’s section of the Blue Ridge Mountains, the dominant geographic influence on that historic and scenic Virginia county.  The Blue Ridge is also the place of origin for the Rockfish River, a James River tributary mentioned in the song.  And another phrase in the song—“the scarred mountain-side”—brings to mind the devastating and lingering effects of a different kind of Blue Ridge “girl”: Hurricane Camille.  On August 19, 1969, that storm’s remnants became concentrated along the Blue Ridge in Nelson, producing an official total of 27 inches of rain in the Rockfish River basin and the county’s adjacent Tye River basin.  The resulting flash floods caused over 100 deaths and left behind eroded slopes, altered channels, and debris that remain decades later.  Shaped by that tragic event and by eons of other natural events, Nelson County’s Blue Ridge lands and waters continue today as a foundation for life, livelihoods, and music lyrics.  Thanks to Chamomile and Whiskey for permission to use this week’s music.

For other water sounds and music, and for more Virginia water information, visit our Web site at virginiawaterradio.org, or call us at (540) 231-5463.  From the Virginia Water Resources Research Center in Blacksburg, I’m Alan Raflo, thanking you for listening, and wishing you health, wisdom, and good water.


SHOW NOTES
[All Internet addresses mentioned were functional as of 12/16/13]



A July 2009 view of the Rockfish River's confluence with the James River (background), where the Virginia counties of Albemarle, Buckingham, and Nelson converge.
An undated winter-time view of the Rockfish River in Nelson County.  Photo courtesy of Michael W. Lachance.

Acknowledgments and Sources: “Blue Ridge Girl” and Wandering Boots” are copyright by Chamomile and Whiskey and by County Wide Records, used with permission of Chamomile and Whiskey.  More information about Chamomile and Whiskey is available online at http://www.chamomileandwhiskey.com/, and information about Charlottesville-based County Wide Records is available online at http://countywidemusic.worldsecuresystems.com/.

Information on the Rockfish River and the impacts of Hurricane Camille in 1969 was taken from Unprecedented rain: Hurricane Camille’s deadly flood in the Blue Ridge mountains, “Capital Weather Gang” column, Washington Post, 8/19/13 (this source discusses of the weather phenomena causing the abnormally heavy rainfall in Nelson county); the Virginia Foundation for the Humanities’ “Encyclopedia  Virginia,” online at http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Hurricane_Camille_August_1969; and from “Assessment of the Rockfish River in Nelson County, Virginia,” by Robert Hopper and Julie Still, Virginia Water Resources Research Center/STEP Program, October 18, 2004 (for access to this report, please contact Alan Raflo at 540-231-5463 or araflo@vt.edu.)


Additional information on Nelson County was taken from the county government’s Web site, http://www.nelsoncounty-va.gov
.

A look back at the August 1969 Nelson County flood--with several photos of the immediate aftermath--is available in a 9/21/06 article by The [Charlottesville] Hook, online at
http://www.readthehook.com/79908/cover-flooded-memories-nelson-county-37-years-after-camille.



Recent Virginia Water News and Other Information
            For news, events, and resources relevant to Virginia's water resources, grouped into categories, please visit the Virginia Water Central News Grouper, available online at http://vawatercentralnewsgrouper.wordpress.com/.

Monday, December 9, 2013

Episode 191 (12-9-13): The Water Cycle

Click to listen to episode (3:31)

TRANSCRIPT

From the Cumberland Gap to the Atlantic Ocean, this is Virginia Water Radio for the week of December 9, 2013.


This week, we take a trip from ocean to land and back again, in a fundamental, life-giving cycle.  Guest host Eli Heilker, a Virginia Tech senior English major who wrote this week’s episode, leads the way, backed up by some appropriate sounds.

[Mr. Heilker:] Water goes through a process called the water cycle, or hydrologic cycle. This cycle involves several processes and phases. Let’s follow some hypothetical water as it goes through these processes and phases.

Energy from sunlight makes water change from liquid to gas, or evaporate [Sound: teakettle] into the atmosphere.  Once aloft, winds can transport water vapor [Sound: wind] over land and over sea. At various points, moist air may cool, and excess water vapor change back from gas to liquid, or condense into clouds. From clouds, water can eventually fall back to earth, or precipitate, [Sound: rain and thunder] as rain, snow, sleet, or hail.

When water hits the ground, it can do three things: first, it can evaporate back into the atmosphere; second, it can run off as surface water [Sound: stream flow], flowing over the land into human-built drains or into lakes, rivers, and streams, ultimately leading to the ocean [Sound: ocean waves]; or third, it can seep into the ground, a process called infiltration [Sound: water seeping into mulch], and become groundwater.

Generally, the least understood part of the water cycle is groundwater, because it’s mostly unseen.  Out of sight, groundwater moves through spaces within sediments and rocks, recharges aquifers, discharges into streams, or gets taken up by plants.  Water in plants can again evaporate, or transpire, from leaves back into the atmosphere.

 
How does this all fit together?  The many individual processes and phases [Sound: violin] occur all at once and are sometimes chaotic [Sound: orchestra tuning], but overall they combine into a relatively organized cycle [Sound: orchestra finale].

For other water sounds and music, and for more Virginia water information, visit our Web site at virginiawaterradio.org, or call us at (540) 231-5463.  From the Virginia Water Resources Research Center in Blacksburg, I’m Alan Raflo, thanking you for listening, and wishing you health, wisdom, and good water.




SHOW NOTES 

[All Internet addresses mentioned were functional as of 12/9/13]

“Water Cycle for Kids” Poster, from U.S. Geological Survey Web site, “The Water Cycle,” at http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/watercycle.html, 12/6/13.

Acknowledgements: The sounds for the violin, orchestra tune-up, and orchestra finale were from recordings made available for public use on Freesound.org (http://www.freesound.org), as follows:

Violin: by Timbre, “remix of 25481__FreqMan__violin_minuet_boccherini_edit_Repair_remix#2.wav”, http://www.freesound.org/people/Timbre/sounds/94384/;

Orchestra tuning: by offthesky, “strings jam 5 - warmup.wav”, http://www.freesound.org/people/offthesky/sounds/35724/;

Orchestra finale: by gelo_papas, “Applause Finale.wav”, http://www.freesound.org/people/gelo_papas/sounds/47416/.

Other sounds were recorded by Virginia Water Radio.

This episode was designed to support teaching and learning of the following Virginia Science Standards of Learning (January 2010 edition): 3.9, 4.6. 4.9, 6.7, LS.6, and ES.8.

Virginia Water Radio thanks Kevin McGuire of the Virginia Water Resources Research Center for his contribution to this episode.



Sources:
Department of Atmospheric Sciences at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. “The Hydrologic Cycle—online meteorology guide.”  Online at http://ww2010.atmos.uiuc.edu/%28Gh%29/guides/mtr/hyd/home.rxml.

Rosenberg, Matt.  “The Hydrologic Cycle.” About.com, online at http://geography.about.com/od/physicalgeography/a/hydrologiccycle.htm
.

Vandas, Stephen J., Thomas C. Winter, and William A. Battaglin.  “Water Basics.”  In Water and the Environment (Alexandria, Va.: American Geological Institute, 2002).



Recent Virginia Water News and Other Information
            For news, events, and resources relevant to Virginia's water resources, grouped into categories, please visit the Virginia Water Central News Grouper, available online at http://vawatercentralnewsgrouper.wordpress.com/.

Monday, December 2, 2013

Episode 190 (12-2-13): Cold Winds Return and So Does "Winter Weather Preparedness Week" in Virginia


To mark “Winter Weather Preparedness Week” in Virginia, Virginia Water Radio repeats its winter-preparedness episode, first done for Episode 139, 12-3-12.



Click to listen to episode (2:59)


TRANSCRIPT

From the Cumberland Gap to the Atlantic Ocean, this is Virginia Water Radio for the week of December 2, 2013.

This week, we feature another series of mystery sounds.  Have a listen for about 25 seconds and see if you can guess what kind of weather-preparedness activities these sounds represent.  And here’s a hint: if you think your guess is cold, you’ll be getting warm.


SOUNDS. 

If you guessed winter-storm preparedness, you’re right!  The sounds of winter winds, a hand-cranked radio, a smoke alarm-test, and water filling a container are reminders that the first week of December is winter-storm preparedness week in Virginia.  Here are some tips from the Virginia Department of Emergency Management for staying safe from winter’s hazardous roads, low temperatures, power outages, and fire hazards.

*Get to your destination before the weather gets bad.  You can get road conditions by phoning 511

*Have a battery-powered or hand-cranked radio, especially one with a weather radio band that provides reports directly from the National Weather Service.

*Get fireplaces, wood stoves, and chimneys inspected and cleaned.

*Install a smoke detector in every bedroom and on every floor level, and check the batteries regularly.

*If you use space heaters, plug them into wall outlets, not into extension cords; keep heaters at least three feet from other objects, and turn them off before going to bed.
*Use flashlights, not candles, during power outages.

*And make a family emergency plan that includes a meeting place if your family cannot return home; an out-of-town emergency contact; and at least a three-day emergency supply of food, water, and medications.

More details on preparing for severe weather and other emergencies are available online at www.ReadyVirginia.gov.

For other water sounds and music, and for more Virginia water information, visit our Web site at virginiawaterradio.org, or call us at (540) 231-5463.  From the Virginia Water Resources Research Center in Blacksburg, I’m Alan Raflo, thanking you for listening, and wishing you health, wisdom, and good water.

SHOW NOTES 
[All Internet addresses mentioned were functional as of 12/2/13]

Photo from Virginia Department of Emergency’s Web site, http://www.vaemergency.gov/readyvirginia, 12/2/13.
Winter ice and snow in Blacksburg, Virginia, December 5, 2007.

Acknowledgments: The winter storm sound was from a recording make available for public use on Freesound.org (http://www.freesound.org), recording DMP013016 HEAVYSNOWSTORM.wav, accessed 12/2/13.  Other sounds were recorded by Virginia Water Radio.
Sources:  The winter-preparedness tips were taken from the Virginia Department of Emergency Management’s Winter Preparedness Week Web site at http://www.vaemergency.gov/readyvirginia/winter/winter-preparedness-week.  That site includes more information as well as video and audio messages.

Information on use of space heaters was taken from the U.S. Department of Energy, online at http://energy.gov/energysaver/articles/portable-heaters.

Road conditions are available in Virginia online at www.511Virginia.org.  A mobile-phone app is available, as well.

Additional sources of information for winter preparedness are the following:
American Red Cross, at http://www.redcross.org/prepare/disaster/winter-storm, or contact your local Red Cross chapter;
Federal Emergency Management Agency, http://www.ready.gov/winter-weather.


Recent Virginia Water News and Other Information
            For news, events, and resources relevant to Virginia's water resources, grouped into categories, please visit the Virginia Water Central News Grouper, available online at http://vawatercentralnewsgrouper.wordpress.com/.