Monday, April 8, 2013

Episode 156 (4-8-13): A Watersheds Lesson in "Mountain Stream" by Bob Gramann

Click to listen to episode (2:37).

Please see below (after the transcript and show notes) for links to news and upcoming events.


From the Cumberland Gap to the Atlantic Ocean, this is Virginia Water Radio for the week of April 8, 2013.

This week, we feature a tune about springtime stream paddling that touches on many aspects of a key water resources concept: the watershed.  Have a listen for about a minute.


You’ve been listening to an excerpt from “Mountain Stream” by Bob Gramann of Fredericksburg, with Laura Lengnick on fiddle, from the 2001 CD “See Further in the Darkness.”  A watershed is the land area that drains into a specific body of water.  In Virginia, the watersheds of most of our major rivers start with streams flowing down mountain slopes.  While water moving downhill is the most basic part of any watershed, different watersheds have distinctive features because of particular landscapes, geology, wildlife, vegetation, climate, and human land uses.  Stream paddlers—whether in mountains or flat land, in spring or some other season—become part of watersheds in action.  Thanks to Bob Gramann for permission to use this week’s music.

For other water sounds and music, and for more Virginia water information, visit our Web site at, or call us at (540) 231-5463.  From the Virginia Water Resources Research Center in Blacksburg, I’m Alan Raflo, thanking you for listening, and wishing you health, wisdom, and good water.

(All Web site addresses noted were functional as of 4/8/13.) 

A southwest Virginia mountain stream: Wolf Creek (a New River tributary) near Narrows, Va. (Giles County), April 17, 2008.

Acknowledgments “Mountain Stream” and “See Further in the Darkness” are copyright by Bob Gramann, used with permission.  Bob Gramann’s Web site is

Sources: An introduction to watersheds in Virginia is available in “Divide and Confluence,” Virginia Water Central, February 2000, online at; and at the Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation Web site at  Information on watersheds nationwide is available from the U.S. EPA’s “Surf Your Watershed” Web site, at, and many other sources.

Recent Virginia Water News
            For news relevant to Virginia's water resources, please visit the Virginia Water Central News Grouper, available online at

Water Meetings and Other Events
            For events related to Virginia's water resources, please visit the Quick Guide to Virginia Water–related Conferences, Workshops, and Other Events, online at  The site includes a list of Virginia government policy and regulatory meetings occurring in the coming week.

Monday, April 1, 2013

Episode 155 (4-1-13): Gulls

This episode has been replaced by Episode  518, 3-30-20.

A Laughing Gull rookery (nesting colony) at Breton National Wildlife Refuge in the Gulf of Mexico offshore of Louisiana.  Photograph by Donna A. Dewhurst, made available for public use at the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s National Digital Library,, accessed 4/1/13.