Index

This page contains a comprehensive index of all the major topics of each episode, beginning with the first episode in which the short format with only the "Sounds and Music" segment was used: Episode 67 on June 6, 2011. All episodes since are indexed here by general category, with links to the episode to which they refer.


Amphibians
American Toad  | EP413 - 3/26/18
Barking Treefrog  | EP319 - 6/6/16
Eastern Spadefoot | EP 357 - 2/27/17
Medleys of calls | EP 408 - 2/19/18 (American Toad, Bullfrog, Mountain, Carpenter Frog, Chorus Frog, Gray Tree Frog, Green Frog, Northern Cricket Frog, Pickerel Frog, Spring Peeper, Wood Frog); EP 206 - 3/24/14 (American Toad, Spring Peeper, Wood Frog)
Fowler's Toad  | EP424 - 6/11/18 
Frog Level EP4317/30/18
Gray Tree Frog | EP 427 - 7/2/18 (July 4 Debate)
Green Frog | EP 310 - 4/4/16
Hellbender | EP 185 - 10/28/13
Herp Blitz (Va. Herpetological Society | EP 371 - 6/5/17 (features sounds of Bullfrog, Gray Treefrog, Northern Cricket Frog, Fowler's Toad, Green Frog)
Salamanders generally | EP 257 - 3/16/15
Spring Peeper | EP 105 - 4/2/12

Birds
American Coot | EP391 – 10/23/17 
Bald Eagle | EP375 – 7/3/17
Baltimore Oriole
EP2645/4/15 

Belted Kingfisher | EP224 – 7/28/14
Black skimmers | EP213 – 5/12/14
Black-crowned Night Heron EP23510/13/14
Barred Owl EP382 – 8/21/17
Canada Goose EP3359/26/16 
Cedar Waxwing EP3329/5/16
Christmas Bird CountEP29412/14/15
Cuckoos and rain | EP174 – 8/12/13
Diving vs. dabbling ducks | EP197 – 1/20/14
Ducks | EP136 – 11/12/12; EP197 – 1/20/14 (Canvasbacks); EP3032/15/16 (Common Goldeneye); EP398 – 12/11/17 (Teal)
Eastern Phoebe EP416 – 4/16/18
Eastern Screech-OwlEP227 – 8/18/14
eBird EP440 – 10/1/18
Fall migratory birds | EP183 – 10/14/13; EP281 – 9/14/15; EP3359/26/16
Fish Crow EP3521/23/17
Great Blue Heron
|
EP118 – 7/9/12; EP277 - 8/10/15; EP381 – 8/14/17 
Great Egret | EP277 - 8/10/15
HummingbirdsEP281 – 9/14/15 
Killdeer | EP411 – 3/12/18
Loons | EP445 – 11/5/18
Royal Tern | EP68 – 6/13/11
Sandpipers
EP2645/4/15
;
EP3155/9/16
Snow Goose | EP138 – 11/26/12
Sparrows
EP2542/23/15

Summer birds | 
EP118 – 7/9/12 
SwallowsEP3298/15/16
Tundra Swan | EP90 – 11/28/11
Virginia Rails | EP165 – 6/10/13; EP391 – 10/23/17 (American Coot) 
Warblers | EP157 – 4/15/13
Water use by birds | EP137 – 11/19/12
Wild Turkey | EP343 – 11/21/16
Winter birds | EP150 – 2/25/13
Wood Duck | EP443 – 10/22/18

Community/Organizations
Chesapeake Bay Restoration Efforts (TMDL) | EP115 – 6/18/12; EP3052/29/16
Clean Water Act | EP2696/8/15; EP380 – 8/7/17; EP451 – 12/17/18
Drinking Water WeekEP3145/2/16
Fix a Leak WeekEP3073/14/16
Fires and fire preventionEP389 – 10/9/17 (Fire Prevention Week)
Envirothon | EP114 – 6/11/12
Polar Plunge | EP3562/20/17
Record water level marker dedication comments | EP86 – 10/31/11
SERCAP (formerly Virginia Water Project) | EP366 – 5/1/17
State Water Control Board | EP94 – 1/9/12 
U.S. Air ForceEP341 – 11/7/16
U.S. ArmyEP394 – 11/13/17
U.S. Coast GuardEP239 – 11/10/14
U.S. Marine CorpsEP446 – 11/12/18
U.S. NavyEP289 – 11/9/15
Virginia Department of Game and Inland FisheriesEP3226/27/16
Virginia General Assembly | EP143 – 1/7/13; EP147 – 2/4/13; EP196 – 1/13/14; EP247 – 1/5/15; EP2522/9/15; EP297 – 1/4/16; EP3022/8/16; EP3501/9/17; EP3531/30/17; EP3593/13/17; EP402 – 1/8/18; EP405 – 1/29/18; EP410 – 3/5/18
Virginia Marine Resources Commission | EP91 – 12/5/11
Virginia State Parks | 
EP161 – 5/13/13; EP3206/13/16

Virginia State Water Commission | EP347 – 12/19/16 
Virginia Water Resources Research CenterEP3012/1/1 (new internship program in 2016) 
Virginia Wildlife Action Plan | EP154 – 3/25/13
Walk across Virginia | EP110 – 5/14/12
Water quality agencies in Virginia | EP94 – 1/9/12; EP378 – 7/24/17; EP380 – 8/7/17
Water supply planning | EP261 – 4/13/15 (updates EP85 – 10/24/11)

Energy
American Power Suite EP3165/16/16
Electricity regulation |
EP410 – 3/5/18
Hydroelectric power | EP170 – 7/15/13
Natural gas | EP380 – 8/7/17
Solid-waste recycling, energy, and waterEP240 – 11/17/14
Water quality and coal | 
EP97 – 1/30/12; EP98 – 2/6/12; EP99 – 2/13/12

Fish
Atlantic Menhaden | EP128 – 9/17/12
Fish familiesEP241 – 11/24/14
Fish migration | EP211 – 4/28/14 
Fish sounds | EP77 – 8/29/11
Methods of fish sampling | EP172 – 7/29/13
Spring signals to fish and anglers
EP311 – 4/11/16 
Trout | EP439 – 9/24/18

Groundwater
Groundwater generally | EP3063/7/16; EP380 – 8/7/17 (and natural gas pipelines)
National Groundwater Awareness WeekEP3063/7/16
Springs | EP75 – 8/15/11; EP379 – 7/31/17
Virginia caves | EP158 – 4/22/13 (featuring Luray Caverns Great Stalacpipe Organ)
Winter precipitation and water supplies EP2583/23/15
Well drilling | EP219 – 6/23/14
Well-water testingEP361– 3/27/17

History
Abraham Lincoln and Virginia Waters | EP201 – 2/17/14; EP3552/13/17
BridgesEP245 – 12/22/14; EP447 – 11/19/18 (covered)
Cumberland Gap | EP126 – 9/3/12
Exploration of the Chesapeake Bay | EP140 – 12/10/12, EP364 - 12/12/16 (on Werowocomoco)
Exploration of the Roanoke River | EP374 – 6/26/17
Forks in WaterwaysEP28410/2/15
Fort ValleyEP3318/29/16
Frog LevelEP4317/30/18
Historic-record water level marker dedication at New RiverEP86 – 10/31/11
James River Batteau Festival | EP373 – 6/19/17
July 4 Water Debate | EP 427 - 7/2/18
Madison County 1995 flash floodsEP272 – 6/29/15 
Maritime history education | EP80 – 9/19/11
Mills | 
EP386 – 9/18/17
Monroe DoctrineEP29312/7/15
Oysters and Oystering in the Chesapeake Bay and Other EstuariesEP279 - 8/24/15
Paint Bank (Craig County) | 
EP386 – 9/18/17
River Piracy
EP232 - 9/22/14
Tribute to George Washington and the Rappahannock | EP304 – 2/22/16
U.S. Armed Forces | EP187 – 11/11/13 (Veterans Day episode); EP239 – 11/10/14 (Veterans Day episode-Coast Guard);  EP289 – 11/9/15 (Veterans Day episode-Navy); EP341 – 11/7/16 (Veterans Day episode-Air Force);  EP394 – 11/13/17 (Veterans Day episode-Army)
Virginia and the National Park Service System | EP229 - 9/1/14 
Virginia and the Ohio River ValleyEP422 – 5/28/18
Virginia General Assembly | EP143 – 1/7/13
Virginia Native Peoples | EP364 - 12/12/16 (on Werowocomoco)
Virginia's Western or Alleghany Highlands
| EP379 – 7/31/17
Virginia's Peninsula and Historic Triangle EP273 – 7/6/15 
Water and Settlement of Roanoke | EP181 – 9/30/13
Water and the Civil War | EP101 – 3/5/12; EP164 – 6/3/13 (Memorial Day episode); EP201 – 2/17/14; EP223 – 7/21/14; EP3185/30/16 (Memorial Day episode); EP412 – 3/19/18
Water and the Revolutionary War | EP168 – 7/1/13; EP220 – 6/30/14; EP273 – 7/6/15; EP390 – 10/16/17
Water and Virginia-born Presidents | EP135 – 11/5/12
Water origins of Virginia Declaration signers | EP220 – 6/30/14
World HistoryEP340 – 11/2/16

Insects
Aquatic insects generallyEP81 – 9/26/11; EP3634/10/17
AntsEP2716/22/15
BeesEP3134/25/16
Chironomids (non-biting midges) | EP2686/1/15 
Dragonflies and damselflies | EP119 (revisited) – 8/3/15 
Emerald Ash Borer | EP376 – 7/10/17
MayfliesEP367 – 5/8/17
Mosquitoes | EP78 – 9/5/11; EP2593/30/15 ; EP381 – 8/14/17
Spotted Lanternfly | EP415 – 4/9/18
Streamside insectsEP33610/3/16
True bugs (in general)EP23710/27/14
True flies (in general) | 
EP221 – 7/7/14
WaspsEP2767/27/15
 
Invertebrates Other Than Insects
Aquatic invertebrates generallyEP81 – 9/26/11 (in stream assessment);  EP3634/10/17
Freshwater mussels | EP432 – 8/6/18; EP433 – 8/13/18; EP434 – 8/20/18; EP435 – 8/27/18
Freshwater snails | EP262 – 4/20/15
OystersEP279 - 8/24/15; EP2809/7/15
Streamside spiders EP33610/3/16

Mammals

Overall Importance of Water
BarnsEP444 – 10/29/18
Bridges
EP245 – 12/22/14 ; EP447 – 11/19/18 (covered)
Drinking Water WeekEP3145/2/16
Halloween episodes
|
EP 185 - 10/28/13; EP238 – 10/31/14; EP28710/26/15; EP392 – 10/30/17 
Infrastructure generallyEP372 – 6/12/17
Labor Day episode | EP4369/3/18
Midnight Sounds | EP381 – 8/14/17
New Year's episodes | Episode 142, 12-31-12; EP29612/28/15; EP3491/2/17; EP401 – 1/1/18
"River time" | EP437 – 9/10/18
Rural Virginia Water/Wastewater | EP366 – 5/1/17
Spring episodes
|
EP206 – 3/14/14; EP212 – 5/5/14; EP308 – 3/21/16; EP416 – 4/16/18
Student shout-outs |  EP3257/18/16 (submerged aquatic plants) EP3634/10/17 (aquatic macroinvertebrates); EP367 – 5/8/17 (mayflies); EP365 – 4/24/17 (stormwater); EP481 – 4/30/18 (student water questions and concerns);
Trout in the Classroom | EP439 – 9/24/18
Thanksgiving episodesEP189 – 11/25/13; EP291 – 11/23/15; EP343 – 11/21/16; EP395 – 11/20/17
Virginia Household Water Quality ProgramEP361– 3/27/17
Virginia Tech students' Virginia Water Lessons EP244 – 12/15/14
U.S. elections EP340 – 11/2/16 
Water and diseases | EP29011/16/15 (antibiotic resistance); EP2593/30/15 (avian malaria); EP393 – 11/6/17 (flu)
Water and human relationships | EP142 – 12/31/12 ; EP3511/16/17
Water and imagery | EP200 – 2/10/14; EP29612/28/15; EP401 – 1/1/18 
Water conservationEP3073/14/16
Water monitoringEP81 – 9/26/11 (stream assessment with aquatic macroinvertebrates), EP384 - 9/4/17 (using drones, or Unmanned Aerial Systems); EP414 – 4/2/18 (water-quality monitoring)
Water quality EP378 – 7/24/17; EP380 – 8/7/17; EP414 – 4/2/18
Water resources degree at Virginia Tech EP243 – 12/8/14
Winter precipitation and water supplies EP2583/23/15
Worldwide water needs | EP122 – 8/6/12

Plants
Ash trees | EP376 – 7/10/17 
Chesapeake Bay Submerged Aquatic VegetationEP3257/18/16
Early spring plants | EP212 – 5/5/14 
Flora of VirginiaEP3542/6/17 
Forestry | EP160 – 5/6/13
Maple trees | EP84 – 10/17/11
Rhododendrons | EP216 – 6/2/14
Sycamore trees | EP176 – 8/26/13 
Tree buds | EP449 – 12/3//18
Tree colors and changes in fall | EP28510/9/15
Tree structures for water movement | EP28510/9/15
Trees' human and ecological benefits | EP153 – 3/18/13
Witch HazelEP238 – 10/31/14

Recreation
Boating safety | EP111 – 5/21/12; EP2706/15/15 (Operation Dry Water and BUI); EP370 – 5/29/17
Dock safety | EP131 – 10/8/12
Fishing-line recycling | EP175 – 8/19/13; EP383 – 8/28/17
National parks, seashores, and related places
EP229 - 9/1/14; EP2309/8/14; EP2319/15/14; EP3685/15/17 
New River | EP179 – 9/16/13
SCUBA divingEP2991/18/16
Smart buoys | EP159 – 4/29/13
Spring signals to fish and anglersEP311 – 4/11/16
Stream access law in VirginiaEP76 – 8/22/11; EP147 – 2/4/13; EP33910/24/16
Virginia State Parks | EP161 – 5/13/13; EP3206/13/16 ; EP381 – 8/14/17 (Claytor Lake)

Reptiles
American Alligator | EP167 – 6/24/13
Diamondback Terrapins | EP70 – 7/4/11
Herp Blitz (Va. Herpetological Society
| EP 371, 6/5/17 (features sound of rattlesnake)
Reptiles generally | EP123 – 8/13/12
Snakes generally | EP151 – 3/4/13

Rivers, Streams, and Other Surface Water
Big Otter RiverEP426 – 6/25/18
Big Sandy River | EP4195/7/18; EP4369/3/18
 Blue Ridge and the Rockfish River | EP192 – 12/16/13
Blue Ridge creating watersheds | EP209 – 4/14/14
Bull RunEP223 – 7/21/14
Cascades waterfall in Giles CountyEP222 – 7/14/14
Chesapeake Bay EP1156/18/12; EP279 - 8/24/15; EP2809/7/15; EP3052/29/16; EP3257/18/16; EP326 – 7/25/16
Clinch River | EP4205/14/18; EP432 – 8/6/18 and EP435 – 8/27/18 (freshwater mussels)
Crabtree Falls | 
EP125 – 8/27/12
Cripple Creek | EP202 – 2/24/14
Estuaries | EP279 - 8/24/15; EP3052/29/16; EP326 – 7/25/16
Falls Ridge in Montgomery CountyEP205 – 3/17/14
Forks in WaterwaysEP28410/2/15
Goose Creek in Loudoun CountyEP28610/19/15
Hazel River in Rappahannock and Culpeper countiesEP33910/24/16
Headwater streams | 
EP397 – 12/4/17

Holston RiverEP4256/18/18 (South Fork); EP433 – 8/13/18 (North Fork/freshwater mussels)
Impaired waters/Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs)EP1156/18/12 
Jackson River | EP4287/9/18; EP447 – 11/19/18 (on tributary Dunlap Creek)
James River or basin  | EP 87 - 11/7/11;  EP 164 – 6/3/13; EP 201 - 2/17/14; EP 209 - 4/14/14; EP 220 - 6/30/14; EP265 - 5/11/15; EP 273 - 7/6/15; EP 334 - 9/19/16; EP373 – 6/19/17; EP379 – 7/31/17; EP4287/9/18
River stewardship | EP383 – 8/28/17
River bluffs | EP173 – 8/5/13
Rivers and trains | EP129 – 9/24/12 
Roanoke River or basin EP3603/20/17; EP374 – 6/26/17; EP426 – 6/25/18 
Shenandoah River or Valley | EP130 – 10/1/12; EP3318/29/16; EP3552/13/17 EP447 – 11/19/18
Sinking Creek (Giles County) |  EP447 – 11/19/18
Smith River EP3603/20/17; EP439 – 9/24/18 EP447 – 11/19/18
Staunton RiverEP374 – 6/26/17
Stream/river channel energy and patternsEP248 – 1/12/15
Virginia's PeninsulasEP273 – 7/6/15
Virginia Rivers Quiz (Clinch, James, New, Potomac, Rappahannock)EP3349/19/16
York RiverEP173 – 8/5/13, EP364 - 12/12/16; EP390 – 10/16/17 
Watersheds | EP156 – 4/8/13; EP209 – 4/14/14; EP251 - 2/2/15; EP365 – 4/24/17 
Wetlands | EP2696/8/15, EP327 – 8/1/16; EP380 – 8/7/17  (and natural gas pipelines); EP429 – 7/16/18; EP430 – 7/23/18

Science
Air pollutionEP2309/8/14
Algae (including Phytoplankton) EP171 – 7/22/13; EP279 - 8/24/15; EP2809/7/15; EP2981/11/16 (as part of lichens)
BiodiversityEP2604/6/15; EP3685/15/17
BioluminescenceEP2788/17/15
Christmas Bird CountEP29412/14/15 
ClimateEP2319/15/14; EP312 – 4/18/16
Density | EP255 - 3/2/15
Dissolved Oxygen | EP3339/12/16
Drones (Unmanned Aerial Systems) | EP384 - 9/4/17
eBird EP440 – 10/1/18
EvaporationEP3134/25/16 (in bees)
Fungi |  EP2981/11/16 (as part of lichens)
Geography | EP265 - 5/11/15
Human circulatory system
| EP392 – 10/30/17
Human nervous system
|
EP450 – 12/10/18
Human skeletal system | EP28710/26/15
Invasive species | EP321 – 6/20/16; EP383 – 8/28/17; EP415 – 4/9/18
Living vs. Non-Living, for KindergartenEP282 – 9/21/15
Rainbows | EP225 – 8/4/14
Relative humidity | EP207 – 3/31/14
Rock cycle | EP203 – 3/3/14
SonificationEP2839/25/15  
SpaceEP275 – 7/20/15 
Stream assessment with aquatic macroinvertebratesEP81 – 9/26/11
Stream flow measurement
EP3247/11/16
Streams underground
EP409 – 2/26/18
Stream/river channel energy and patternsEP248 – 1/12/15
Streamside insect and spider sampling
EP33610/3/16
Surface tension | EP217 – 6/9/14
TidesEP275 – 7/20/15; EP441 – 10/8/18 
Temperature in animals EP309 - 3/28/16
Virginia college students' research
| on antibiotic resistance: EP29011/16/15; on avian malaria: EP2593/30/15; on buried streams underground: EP409 – 2/26/18; on the Emerald Ash Borer: EP376 – 7/10/17; on headwater streams: EP397 – 12/4/17; on oysters and nitrogen: EP2809/7/15; on soils and greenhouse gases: EP312 – 4/18/16.
Virginia Tech students' Virginia Water Lessons EP244 – 12/15/14
Virtual reality research | EP34211/14/16 (on tornadoes at Virginia Tech)
Underwater EnvironmentEP2991/18/16
Water resources degree at Virginia Tech EP243 – 12/8/14
Water thermodynamics | 
EP195 – 1/6/14

Waste Management
Solid-waste recycling, energy, and waterEP240 – 11/17/14
Medication disposal | EP417 – 4/23/18
Motor oil and water | EP188 – 11/18/13
Water Treatment/Wastewater Treatment
Wastewater treatment plants | EP378 – 7/24/17

Weather/Natural Disasters
Climate and Climate ChangeEP2319/15/14; EP312 – 4/18/16; EP441 – 10/8/18 (sea level rise)
CloudsEP377 – 7/17/17
Earthquake drills | EP388 – 10/2/17
Earthquake research | EP133 – 10/22/12
Floods | EP192 – 12/16/13 (Nelson County in 1969); EP272 – 6/29/15  (Madison County in 1995); EP3288/8/16 (flash flooding); EP442 – 10/15/18 (Historic-record water level marker dedication at New River)
Fog | EP124 – 8/20/12 
FrostEP387 – 9/25/17
HailEP3624/3/17
Ice | EP4031/15/18 EP404 – 1/22/18; EP406 – 2/5/18 
Rainfall | EP338 – 10/17/16 (frequency probabilities)
Snow | EP3001/25/16 (snow terms); EP407 – 2/12/18
Storm surge | EP134 – 10/29/12; EP33710/10/16; EP385 – 9/11/17
Stormwater | EP182 – 10/7/13; EP338 – 10/17/16; EP365 – 4/24/17
Tornadoes | EP34211/14/16 (research via virtual reality); EP358 – 3/6/17 (preparedness);
Tropical Storms | EP134 – 10/29/12 (Hurricane Sandy); EP163 – 5/27/13 (annual season-preview episode); EP215 – 5/26/14 (annual season-preview episode); EP266 - 5/18/15 (annual season-preview episode); EP317 - 5/23/16 (annual season-preview episode); EP330 - 8/22/16 (mid-season outlook); EP33710/10/16 (Hurricane Matthew); EP345 - 12/5/16 (season-review episode); EP369 - 5/22/17 (annual season-preview episode); EP385 – 9/11/17 (Hurricane Irma and storm surge);
EP423 - 6/2/18 (annual season-preview episode); EP438 - 9/17/18 (basic hurricane facts and history)
Weather balloons | EP152 – 3/11/13
Weather warnings | EP106 – 4/9/12