Click to listen to episode (3:50)
Sections below are the following:
Transcript of Audio
Audio Notes and Acknowledgments
Related Water Radio Episodes
For Virginia Teachers (Relevant SOLs, etc.)
TRANSCRIPT OF AUDIO
From the Cumberland Gap to the Atlantic Ocean, this is Virginia Water Radio for the week of April 19, 2021. This revised episode from May 2014 is part of a series this year of spring-related episodes.
MUSIC – ~12 sec – instrumental
This week, we feature a Virginia musical group’s version of
a traditional Finnish waltz tune, named for a plant community that, like good
music, depends on the right timing. Have a listen for about 35 more seconds.
MUSIC – ~36 sec – instrumental
You’ve been listening to part of “Flowers of the Forest,” by
No Strings Attached, on their 2003 album, “Old Friend’s Waltz,” from Enessay
Music. Just as in a well-done waltz, timing is crucial for low-growing,
spring-blooming forest plants. Such plants live under trees whose leaf
canopy will close by late spring, blocking much of the sunlight and rainfall
from reaching the forest floor. As a result, many non-woody forest plants
are adapted to take advantage of early spring’s interaction of warming
soil and air temperature, available moisture, increasing light, and the
activity of emerging insect pollinators to reproduce and to store enough energy
underground to survive the coming year. Bloodroot, Spring Beauty,
Trillium, and many other Virginia woodland plants follow this strategy: show up
early, use colorful flowers to show off for foraging insects, and then produce
fruits and seeds before the summer’s shade.
Thanks for No Strings Attached for permission to use this week’s music, and we close with about 25 more seconds of “Flowers of the Forest.”
MUSIC – ~27 sec – instrumental
Virginia Water Radio is produced by the Virginia Water Resources Research Center, part of Virginia Tech’s College of Natural Resources and Environment. For more Virginia water sounds, music, or information, visit us online at virginiawaterradio.org, or call the Water Center at (540) 231-5624. Thanks to Ben Cosgrove for his version of “Shenandoah” to open and close the show. In Blacksburg, I’m Alan Raflo, thanking you for listening, and wishing you health, wisdom, and good water.
AUDIO NOTES AND ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
This Virginia Water Radio episode revises and replaces Episode 212, 5-5-14.
“Flowers of the Forest” and “Old Friend’s Waltz” are
copyright by No Strings Attached and Enessay Music, used with permission. More information about the now-retired,
Blacksburg/Roanoke-based group No Strings Attached is available online at https://www.enessay.com/index.html. This music was used previously by Virginia
Water Radio most recently in Episode
521, 4-20-20, on Virginia Bluebells, another spring-blooming wildflower. Information
on “Metsäkukkia,” the original Finnish tune on which the No Strings Attached
selection was based, is available from Andrew Kuntz, “The Fiddler’s
Companion,” online at http://www.ibiblio.org/fiddlers/MER_MIC.htm;
and from Jeremy Keith, “The Session,” online at http://thesession.org/tunes/4585.
Click here if you’d like to hear the full version (2 min./22 sec.) of the “Shenandoah” arrangement/performance by Ben Cosgrove that opens and closes this episode. More information about Mr. Cosgrove is available online at http://www.bencosgrove.com.
Trout Lily at Falls Ridge Nature Preserve in Montgomery County, Va., April 20, 2019.
Jack-in-the-pulpit at Falls Ridge Nature Preserve in Montgomery County, Va., April 20, 2019.
Wild Geranium at Falls Ridge Nature Preserve in Montgomery County, Va., April 16, 2021.
Used for Audio
Marion Lobstein, “Spring Wildflowers: Ecological Factors,” by (undated), Botanical Society of Washington [D.C.], online at www.botsoc.org/SpringWildflowerBackground.doc. Marion Lobstein, a retired biology professor at Northern Virginia Community College-Manassas, is the Botany Chair for the Prince William Wildflower Socieyt (Prince William County, Va.); other articles by her are available online at https://vnps.org/princewilliamwildflowersociety/botanizing-with-marion/.
Alexander F. Motten, “Pollination Ecology of the Spring Wildflower Community of
a Temperate Deciduous Forest,” Ecological Monographs (Vol. 56, No. 1),
March 1986, pp. 21-42.
For More Information about Plants in Virginia or Elsewhere
A.S. Weakley, J.C. Ludwig, and J.F. Townsend, Flora of
Virginia, Bland Crowder, ed. Copyright by the Foundation of
the Flora of Virginia Project, Inc., Richmond. Botanical Research
Institute of Texas, Fort Worth, 2012.
This is the first comprehensive manual of Virginia plants published
since the 1700s.
Flora of Virginia Project, online at http://www.floraofvirginia.org/.
Oscar W. Gupton and Fred C. Swope, series of wildflower guides: Fall Wildflowers of the Blue Ridge and Great Smoky Mountains, University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville, 1987; Wild Orchids of the Middle Atlantic States University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, 1986); Wildflowers of Tidewater Virginia (University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville, 1982; and Wildflowers of the Shenandoah Valley and Blue Ridge Mountains, University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville, 1979.
U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)/Natural Resources Conservation Service Plants Database, online at https://plants.usda.gov.
Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation/Natural Heritage Division,
online at https://www.dcr.virginia.gov/natural-heritage/.
Virginia Native Plant Society, online at http://vnps.org/.
RELATED VIRGINIA WATER RADIO EPISODES
All Water Radio episodes are listed by category at the Index link above (http://www.virginiawaterradio.org/p/index.html). See particularly the “Plants” subject category.
Following are links to other
Eastern Phoebe – Episode 416, 4-16-18.
Frog and Toad Medley – Episode 408, 2-19-18.
Rhododendrons – Episode 574, 4-26-21.
Spring arrival episode – Episode 569, 3-22-21.
Spring Peepers – Episode 570, 3-29-21.
Spring reminder about tornado awareness – Episode 568, 3-15-21.
Spring signals for fish – Episode 571, 4-5-21.
Spring sounds serenades – Episode 206, 3-14-14 and Episode 516, 3-16-20.
Virginia Bluebells – Episode 521, 4-20-20.
Warblers and spring bird migration – Episode 572, 4-12-21.
FOR VIRGINIA TEACHERS – RELATED STANDARDS OF LEARNING (SOLs) AND OTHER INFORMATION
Following are some Virginia Standards of Learning (SOLs) that may be supported by this episode’s audio/transcript, sources, or other information included in this post.
2020 Music SOLs
SOLs at various
grade levels that call for “examining the relationship of music to the other
fine arts and other fields of knowledge.”
2018 Science SOLs
Grades K-4: Living
Systems and Processes
K.7 – Plants and animals have basic needs and life processes.
1.4 – Plants have basic life needs (including water) and functional parts that allow them to survive.
2.4 – Plants and animals undergo a series of orderly changes as they grow and develop, including life cycles.
2.5 – Living things are part of a system.
3.4 – Adaptations allow organisms to satisfy life needs and respond to the environment.
3.5 – Aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems support a diversity of organisms.
4.2 – Plants and animals have structures that distinguish them from one another and play vital roles in their ability to survive.
Grades K-5: Earth and
K.9 – There are patterns in nature.
1.7 – There are weather and seasonal changes.
2.7 – Weather patterns and seasonal changes affect plants, animals, and their surroundings.
Grades K-5: Earth Resources
4.8. – Virginia has important natural resources.
LS.7 – Adaptations support an organism’s survival in an ecosystem.
LS.8 – Changes in ecosystems, communities, populations, and organisms occur over time.
BIO.8 – Dynamic equilibria exist within populations, communities, and ecosystems.
Virginia’s SOLs are available from the Virginia Department of Education, online at http://www.doe.virginia.gov/testing/.
Following are links to Water Radio episodes (various topics) designed especially for certain K-12 grade levels.
250, 1-26-15 – on boiling, for kindergarten through 3rd grade.
Episode 255, 3-2-15 – on density, for 5th and 6th grade.
Episode 282, 9-21-15 – on living vs. non-living, for kindergarten.
Episode 309, 3-28-16 – on temperature regulation in animals, for kindergarten through 12th grade.
Episode 333, 9-12-16 – on dissolved gases, especially dissolved oxygen in aquatic habitats, for 5th grade.
Episode 403, 1-15-18 – on freezing and ice, for kindergarten through 3rd grade.
Episode 404, 1-22-18 – on ice on ponds and lakes, for 4th through 8th grade.
Episode 406, 2-5-18 – on ice on rivers, for middle school.
Episode 407, 2-12-18 – on snow chemistry and physics, for high school.
Episode 483, 7-29-19 – on buoyancy and drag, for middle school and high school.
Episode 524, 5-11-20 – on sounds by water-related animals, for elementary school through high school.
Episode 531, 6-29-20 – on various ways that animals get water, for 3rd and 4th grade.
Episode 539, 8-24-20 – on basic numbers and facts about Virginia’s water resources, for 4th and 6th grade.